Microbes are tiny organisms which are not visible to the naked eyes. Microbes contribute to different phenomenon like global climate change, energy generation, production of bio-molecules for pharmaceuticals and other industries, plant nutrition and soil health. Microbes are also good source of enzymes, vitamins, amino acids and help in production of food, fuel and fodder. Microbes play an important role in biotechnology research and are essential for development of many products and processes. Recent studies revealed that huge microbial diversity of immense biotechnological potential is yet to be cultured. In order to increase the contribution of microbial resources towards world’s bio-economy the cultivation, taxonomical characterization and bio-banking of microbes is essential. Establishment of a quality microbial resource centre (MRC) with state-of-the-art facilities is essential for safeguarding microbial diversity and for developing bio-economy of the nation.
National Centre for Microbial Resource (NCMR) affiliated with National Centre for Cell Science, Pune is a project under Department of Biotechnology, Government of India. NCMR is well equipped with all the essential facilities fulfilling the criteria of a good Microbial Resource Centre (MRC). The centre has well trained researchers and technicians with extensive experience in cultivation, preservation, biosafety, metagenomic, genomics, proteomics, intact microbiome preservation and handling capacity of different group of organisms including anaerobes, photoautotrophs, fungi, archaea, cyanobacteria etc. NCMR is actively involved in research related to different areas of microbiology including ecology and systematics.