Two different artificial intelligence models trained to ascertain whether or not a work known as the de Brécy Tondo is by the hand of Raphael have turned up two different opinions, posing a challenge to the rise of the technology in art authentication.
An A.I. model developed by Hassan Ugail of the University of Bradford “undoubtedly” determined recently that a work known as the de Brécy Tondo is by the hand of Raphael. It is now on view for the first time at the Cartwright Hall Art Gallery in the U.K.
“Testing the Tondo using this new A.I. model has shown startling results, confirming it is most likely by Raphael,” Ugail told the BBC last month. “Together with my previous work using facial recognition, and combined with previous research by my fellow academics, we have concluded the Tondo and the Sistine Madonna are undoubtedly by the same artist.”
Then, a model created by Art Recognition—a company that offers the technology to authenticate artworks—found with 85 percent probability that the de Brécy Tondo was not painted by Raphael.