Why it matters: Net migration to the United Kingdom reached an all-time high of 606,000 last year, according to the Office for National Statistics (ONS). This development has reignited debates around immigration policies and their impact on the economy and social concerns.
Political Impact: The opposition Labour Party argues that the increase in issued work visas is evidence of the government's chaotic immigration policies. Meanwhile, Prime Minister Rishi Sunak promises to reduce arrivals and tackle the implications of soaring migration numbers.
Labour Market Effects: Research on the labor market impact of immigration in the UK finds mostly small or no effects on wages and employment. However, some studies report minor negative effects on low-paid workers and small positive effects on high-paid workers.
Public Opinion: UK public opinion towards immigration is varied. According to a study, many voters may change their views on immigration if politicians reassure them by emphasizing the impressive rate of assimilation taking place in British society.