C and C++ diverge in their definition of forward progress guarantees, and have done so since C++11 and C11 added a memory model and acknowledged that threads exist. Both committees have been working together to reduce needless differences. [P2735r0] and [N2644] perform such harmonization.
C does not make iteration statements whose controlling expression is a constant expression Undefined Behavior, whereas C++ does. C++ implementations therefore assume that even "trivial" infinite loops must terminate.
This is unfortunate because using an infinite loop is a common idiom in low-level programming, particularly when a bare-metal system or kernel must halt progress. It would be easy for programmers to satisfy the C++ requirements on infinite loops, and it would be easy for compilers to diagnose "invalid" infinite loops. Neither programmers nor implementations have done so. Instead, programmers decry C++'s obtuseness, and implementations upset developers by optimizing away their infinite loops (marking them as unreachable, leading to surrounding code being optimized away).
For example, this code prints