Background:                       It is a common understanding that the fifth toe has three bones with two interphalangeal

How many joints does the 5th toe have? A review of 606 patients of 655 foot radiographs

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2023-11-21 06:00:05

Background: It is a common understanding that the fifth toe has three bones with two interphalangeal joints. However, our experience shows that a significant number have only two phalanges with one interphalangeal joint.

Methods: We identified 676 patients listed as having had a foot radiograph, during an eight week period, of which 606 radiographs were available for the assessment. The radiographs were then assessed counting the number of phalanges in the fifth toe.

Results: The patients consisted of 344 females and 262 males. Bilateral radiographs had been performed in 49 patients. 362 radiographs (55.3%) were found to have 3 phalanges in their 5th toe, with 291 (44.4%) having only two phalanges.

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