We will start of with a discussion about CERN ( french abbreviation for “Conseil européen pour la recherche nucléaire “), the organisation by which Large hadron collider is operated.
The European Organization for Nuclear Research (French: Organisation européenne pour la recherche nucléaire), known as CERN ( Conseil européen pour la recherche nucléaire), is a European research organization that operates the largest particle physics laboratory in the world. Established in 1954, the organization is based in a northwest suburb of Geneva on the Franco–Swiss border and has 23 member states in which Israel is the only non-European country granted full membership. CERN is an official United Nations Observer. CERN’s main function is to provide the particle accelerators and other infrastructure needed for high-energy physics research – as a result, numerous experiments have been constructed at CERN through international collaborations. CERN is also the birthplace of the WORLD WIDE WEB.
Even if CERN was established in 1954 but the roots goes back to the end of second world war when a handful of visionary scientists imagined creating a European atomic physics laboratory. Raoul Dautry, Pierre Auger and Lew Kowarski in France, Edoardo Amaldi in Italy and Niels Bohr in Denmark were among these pioneers. Such a laboratory would not only helplful in uniting European scientists but also allow them to share the increasing costs of nuclear physics facilities.French physicist Louis de Broglie put forward the first official proposal for the creation of a European laboratory at the European Cultural Conference, which opened in Lausanne on 9 December 1949.