NEW DELHI: China is fifth-largest exporter of weapon systems, after the US, Russia, France and Germany, but much of its equipment sold to various countries is defective, say sources in intelligence agencies. The world's fifth-largest arms exporter in 2015-19, China accounted for 5.5 per cent of total global arms exports with its top customers including its Belt and Road Initiative partners as Beijing presents itself as an alternative to Russia.
In 2015-19, Asia and Oceania accounted for 74 per cent of Chinese arms exports, Africa for 16 per cent and the Middle East for 6.7 per cent, while the number of countries to which China delivers arms has grown significantly - from 40 in 2010-14 to 53 in 2015-19.
Intelligence agencies have prepared a report recently where it highlighted how Beijing has pushed "defective equipment" to friendly nations in Asia, the Middle East and Africa.
China gave two obsolete 1970s era Ming class Type 035G submarines to Bangladesh at $100 mn each in 2017. Recommissioned as BNS Nobojatra and BNS Joyjatra, these were originally used as training vessels for People's Liberation Army Navy and had outlived their utility.