In modern age, increasing pollution levels in every sphere of life is the key challenge in sustainable development of our environment. Increasing demands and lavish life style of people causes environmental deterioration. Our agricultural system is also affected by pollution. Modern agricultural practices such as use of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides etc. to maximize crop yield contributes in environmental pollution. These approaches ultimately disturb the nutrient balance of soil and therefore reduce soil fertility. To deal with the existing problem, Organic farming provides a natural way of crop cultivation by using environment friendly, animal and plant based local organic resources that are highly enriched in nutrients required for crop plants. It enhances the microbial activities and increases soil health. Organic farming is an efficient and promising agricultural approach for environmental sustainability as it provides yield stability, improved soil health, no environmental concerns, organic food and reduction in the use of synthesized fertilizers. There are different agricultural approaches working on reducing environmental concerns but use of organic farming, no doubt, the best scientifically proved environment friendly approach in maintaining environmental balance of our agriculture and ecological systems.
The approach of organic farming is depended upon variety of building elements. Organic manure, Crop rotation, Vermicomposting, Nitrogen fixing microorganisms, organic residue, crop residue, bio fertilizers, bio pesticides, kitchen waste, sludge and biogas are some of the main elements. These are proved to be very useful in maintaining soil health and texture. Their use is ecofriendly and helps in developing sustainable agriculture. Apart from these, the organic agricultural approach follows some basic principles of Health, Ecology, Fairness and Care. These principles are the core of organic agriculture that ensures sustainable development. In organic farming, more emphasis is given to the environmental health. Due to its nature friendly approach, it helps in reducing soil, water and air pollution. Therefore, acts as natural tool for environmental protection and sustainable development. Farmer’s use crop rotation, bio fertilizers etc. to maintain enrichment of nitrogen and other essential crop nutrients. Use of chemicals in the field is prohibited and ecofriendly products are taken into consideration. Vegetables are also grown in the field using the organic farming approach, ensuring availability of organic vegetables in the food markets.