Among the many changes that Tesla implemented in the new Model S Plaid, a new, 12-volt lithium-ion battery is one of the most subtle yet significant improvements the company made to its flagship sedan. The new 12V li-ion battery replaces the conventional lead-acid battery that has been considered the “standard” in automobiles for a long time. However, Tesla aimed to improve the life cycle of this low-voltage cell to improve convenience and lifespan for owners.
The new, smaller, more compact 12V battery actually holds several advantages over the previously used battery that Tesla used. While weight and size are obvious improvements, one of the biggest advantages is an increased lifespan. The previous lead-acid battery did not have a consistently long lifespan and was sometimes changed up to three times a year by some owners. This could be due to the overwhelming amount of strain that is put on battery cells when running an electric vehicle. In gas-powered and combustion engine vehicles, the lead-acid battery is a suitable choice because it is only used for starting the engine and minor electrical tasks like powering interior lights. In electric cars, the 12V battery could handle more tasks, thus decreasing the battery life.
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