The way tensions between India and China have increased over the Line of Actual Control (LAC) over the past few years, not only have the relations between these two countries deteriorated but the relations of the two countries with many other neighboring countries Have also been affected. Know in detail what is LAC where it is located and what is the reason of tension between India and China.
What is LAC? LAC is the line drawn on the Indo-Chinese border that separates India and China from each other. In India, LAC covers a length of 3,488 km whereas in China LAC covers a length of 2,000 km. It is divided into three sectors, Eastern Sector which covers Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim. The second middle sector which includes Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh and the third western sector which covers Ladakh. There is a 1914 McMahon line on the LAC in the eastern sector, the status of which is a dispute between India and China. This indicates the international boundary of India but only in a few regions which are Longzhu and Asafila. The middle sector line is a little less controversial. The biggest controversy is in the western sector from where LAC started.This is also a kind of ceasefire line because after the 1962 Indo-China war, where the forces of the two countries were stationed, it was considered as the Line of Actual Control. The first reference to this was made by the then Prime Minister of China in a letter dated 24 October 1959, which was written in the name of the then Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. It said that no Chinese government has ever considered the McMahon Line as legitimate.
After the 1962 Indo-China war, China had claimed that they were extending the 20-km radius behind the LAC within their range. After 1959, Zhou once again mentioned the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in a letter written to Nehru. According to the report, India rejected China’s LAC claim both in 1959 and 1962. India said in its response that what is this line of control, on what basis China has determined it. Was the line drawn by China in a huff named LAC? After Chinese Premier Li Peng’s visit to India in 1991, Indian PM PV Narasimha Rao and Lee reached an agreement that peace should prevail over LAC. When PM Rao visited China in 1993, then India had formally recognized LAC. Since then the reference to LAC is not linked to 1959 or 1962, but only when the agreement was reached between these two countries.