Autonomous Moving Target Defense (AMTD) is an emerging field in cybersecurity that aims to enhance the security of systems and networks by continuously and dynamically changing the attack surface. The vision of AMTD is to make it difficult for attackers to find and exploit vulnerabilities by introducing proactive cyber defense mechanisms that leverage automation, deception technologies, and intelligent change decisions.
According to Gartner, "By 2025, 25% of cloud applications will leverage AMTD features and concepts as built-in prevention approaches, enhancing existing Cloud Web Application and API Protection (WAAP) technologies." This underscores the importance of AMTD in the evolving threat landscape and the growing need for organizations to implement effective defenses against cyberattacks.
At its core, AMTD incorporates four main elements: proactive cyber defense mechanisms, automation to orchestrate movement or change in the attack surface, the use of deception technologies, and the ability to execute intelligent (preplanned) change decisions. These elements work together to reduce exposed attack surfaces by introducing strategic change and increase the cost of reconnaissance and malicious exploitation on the attacker.