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We have all recently been witnessing a lot of excitement in the cybersecurity space about the possibilities of AI, specifically - generative AI, large language models (LLM), and ChatGPT. Although only lazy people haven't written about how “AI is going to change cyber defense” (often - with the help of ChatGPT itself), the reality is a bit more complicated.
Any technological advancement - be it a cellular network, artificial intelligence, machine learning, cloud computing, 5G, or anything else - is an advancement achieved by collective intelligence. As such, it will always spread and gain adoption globally as soon as its existence becomes known. Technology is a form of knowledge, and it cannot be confined to the boundaries of countries, languages, or even patent protection. Any innovation keeps the playing field leveled as it is immediately available to good & bad actors.
Adversaries have access to the same tools as defense teams, be it AI, ML, cloud, or anything else. Not only that, but their access to data that can be fed into these tools is impressive as there is no privacy, GDPR, or any ethical considerations; anything will do.