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The purpose of the study was to determine the role of agriculture in economic growth and poverty reduction in Nigeria. The data used were collected from the statistical bulletin of the Central Bank of Nigeria and the World Bank’s development indicators and covered the period of 33 years ranging from 1981 to 2014.
Multiple regression was used to analyze the data. The result showed that agriculture has a significant impact on economic growth in Nigeria. It was also showed that agriculture has a significant impact on poverty reduction in Nigeria.
The other variable included in the model which is non-agriculture output did not have a significant impact on poverty reduction.
The study, therefore, recommends among others that the government provides more funding for agriculture universities in Nigeria to carry out researchers on all area of agriculture production; this will lead to more exports and improvement in the competitiveness of Nigeria agriculture reproduction in international markets.