A quarter of COVID-19 survivors had impaired lung function 1 year after infection, and older patients, those with more than three chronic conditions,

1 in 4 COVID survivors had impaired lung function 1 year on, study shows

submited by
Style Pass
2023-09-15 00:00:09

A quarter of COVID-19 survivors had impaired lung function 1 year after infection, and older patients, those with more than three chronic conditions, and those with severe cases improved slower than other patients over time, a Dutch study published yesterday in PLOS One reveals.

A team led by University of Amsterdam researchers evaluated diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO), spirometry results, and health-related quality of life (HRQL) in 301 COVID-19 survivors who underwent at least one lung-function test from May 2020 to December 2021. Median patient age was 51 years, and 56% were men.

Of the 301 participants who had lung-function testing, 30% had mild, 44% had moderate, and 26% had severe or critical COVID-19. Older age, higher body mass index, more chronic conditions, and the presence of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and chronic lung diseases other than asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) were more common among patients who had severe infections than among those with mild cases.

A total of 47% of patients were hospitalized. On admission, 86 hospitalized patients received low-flow oxygen, 15 required high-flow oxygen, and 29 needed invasive mechanical ventilation. Thirty-nine patients were admitted to the intensive care unit and stayed for a median of 6 days. Overall, 70 participants received the corticosteroid dexamethasone, and 10% were given the anti-inflammatory drug tociluzimab.

Leave a Comment