ChatGPT could help to diagnose patients in future emergency rooms, according to a new pilot study that looked at how the large language model could be used to support doctors.
The research published in the Annals of Emergency Medicine journal found that the artificial intelligence (AI) chatbot diagnosed patients as well as trained doctors. It is set to be presented at the European Emergency Medicine Congress starting this weekend.
The researchers at Jeroen Bosch Hospital in The Netherlands entered physicians' notes and anonymised information about 30 patients, including exams, symptoms and lab results, into two versions of ChatGPT.
They found an overlap of around 60 per cent between the shortlist of possible diagnoses from emergency doctors and the chatbot.
“We found that ChatGPT performed well in generating a list of likely diagnoses and suggesting the most likely option,” said study author Dr Hidde ten Berg, from the emergency medicine department at Jeroen Bosch Hospital, in a statement.