The treatment of Ethiopian immigrants in Israel has been a subject of significant controversy, particularly concerning allegations of forced sterilization and the use of long-term contraceptive injections without full consent. Reports have revealed that Ethiopian women immigrating to Israel were subjected to mandatory contraceptive injections, effectively amounting to forced sterilization. The claims resurfaced more than a decade ago, with allegations that Ethiopian immigrants to Israel received contraceptive shots either coercively or without their full consent.
In 2012, a report aired on Israeli Educational Television revealed that a number of Ethiopian immigrants to Israel received contraceptive shots either coercively or without their full consent. The investigation also reported an almost 50% decline in the birth rate of Ethiopian women in the prior decade. A government official acknowledged the practice of injecting women of Ethiopian origin with the long-acting contraceptive Depo-Provera in 2013.
From the available evidence, it appears likely that some Ethiopian women were given contraceptive injections without fully understanding the potential side effects or their alternative options. However, there is no clear evidence indicating that the Israeli government or humanitarian organizations involved purposefully coerced women into receiving injections in an effort to reduce birth rates. A 2016 study argued that the rapid decline in fertility rates among Ethiopian Israeli women following their migration to Israel was not the result of the administration of Depo-Provera, but rather the product of urbanization, improved educational opportunities, a later age of marriage and commencement of childbirth, and an earlier age of cessation of childbearing.