Saccharin is not a natural sugar. It is an artificial sweetener that is used in place of sugar because it has no calories and does not increase blood sugar levels after consumption.
Nutralose is not an artificial sweetener. Still, there's no shortage of no-calorie sweeteners on the market. The FDA has approved five artificial ones, including aspartame, sucralose, saccharin, and neotame.
The average American eats the equivalent of about 21 teaspoons of added sugar a day -- about two and a half to three times more than new heart disease prevention guidelines say they should. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Americans basically consume their weight in sugar in a year's time.
A gram of sugar is equivalent to ¼ teaspoon. If you visualize a regular teaspoon of sugar, there you have about 4 grams of sugar. Now, think of this: A serving of a favorite food or drink contains 16 grams, or 4 teaspoons of sugar! That's 4 teaspoons in one serving! Can you see how sugar sneaks into your diet?
Added sugar is defined as any caloric sweetener used in processed or prepared foods. Beyond increasing calories, added sugars have no nutritional value. In guidelines released late in 2009, the American Heart Association recommended limiting added sugar in the diet to no more than 100 calories a day for most women and 150 calories for most men. That's about 6 teaspoons of sugar a day for women and 9 teaspoons for men.